Daily Health Headlines

Thyroid Disease Types and Treatments

👤by HealthDay 0 comments 🕔Monday, July 29th, 2013

Medical Author:

Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

Doctor's View on Thyroid Disease Types and Treatments

Comment by Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

A number of different treatments are given for thyroid disease, depending upon the type of disease that is present. Both medical and surgical treatment options can be used in the treatment of thyroid diseases.

Surgery

Surgery is the typical treatment of choice for thyroid cancers. It can also be used in the unusual case of large goiters that cause symptoms by pressing on adjacent organs and structures. Surgery may be done to remove all or part of the thyroid gland. If you have had thyroid surgery you may need to begin taking thyroid hormone medications to avoid hypothyroidism.

Medications

Thyroid replacement hormones taken in pill form are an effective treatment if you have an underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism). The synthetic hormone levothyroxine (Synthroid, Levoxyl) is taken daily.

If you have an overactive thyroid, medications that block production of thyroid hormones (antithyroid drugs such as methimazole (Tapazole) and propylthiouracil (PTU) can be prescribed. One major risk and side effect of antithyroid medications is the occasional development of suppression of bone marrow production of white blood cells. A one-time dose of radioactive iodine can also be administered to ablate an overactive thyroid gland. This treatment is safe except during pregnancy and breastfeeding, and is a common way to manage recurrent Graves' disease and some other conditions.

In some cases, permanent hypothyroidism can result from ablation of the gland with radioactive iodine.

Finally, medications that help control the symptoms of hyperthyroidism are sometimes prescribed (such as beta-blockers), but these do not treat the underlying thyroid condition.

Read what others are saying about types of thyroid disease and treatments.

Article Credits / Source

HealthDay

HealthDay provides up to the minute breaking health news. Click here to view this full article from HealthDay.

View More Articles From HealthDay 🌎View Article Website

Sponsored Product

Lunar Sleep for $1.95

Lunar Sleep for $1.95

People who have trouble sleeping typically have low levels of melatonin, so melatonin supplements seem like a logical fix for insomnia. There is a high demand for sleep aids, especially in the U.S. The National Health Interview Survey done in 2002, and again in 2007, found 1.6 million US adults were using complementary and alternative sleep aids for insomnia. Lunar Sleep was a top choice. Use Promo Code: Sleep2014 and only pay $1.95 S&H.

Get Lunar Sleep for $1.95

More Thyroid Articles

Thyroid Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ

Thyroid Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ0

The correct answer is: C In the neck Explanation: The thyroid gland is located below the Adam's apple in the lower part of the neck and wraps around the windpipe (trachea). The thyroid gland has the ...

Hashimoto's Thyroiditis

Hashimoto's Thyroiditis0

Hypothyroidism Symptoms Hypothyroidism is most commonly a result of an autoimmune condition known as Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Some of the symptoms of hypothyroidism in adults are: Tiredness and weakness; feeling "run down" Weight gain or ...

Can You Blame Your Headaches on Your Thyroid?

Can You Blame Your Headaches on Your Thyroid?0

THURSDAY, Sept. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- People with migraines and other headache disorders have a greater risk of a thyroid disease known as hypothyroidism, a new study suggests. Hypothyroidism occurs when the body doesn't produce ...

Thyroid Scan

Thyroid Scan0

What is the thyroid gland? The thyroid is a gland that makes and stores essential hormones that help regulate the heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and the rate of chemical reactions (metabolism) in the body. It is ...

Thyroid Blood Tests

Thyroid Blood Tests0

Introduction The thyroid gland produces hormones that are essential for normal body metabolism. Blood testing is now commonly available to determine the adequacy of the levels of thyroid hormones. These blood tests can define ...

View More Thyroid Articles

0 Comments

Write a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Our Mailing List

Subscribe to our mailing list to get the latest health news as it breaks!

Your information will not be shared with anyone!