Daily Health Headlines

Goiter Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

👤by HealthDay 0 comments 🕔Friday, June 28th, 2013

A goiter is an enlarged thyroid gland. The thyroid is the gland in front of the neck just below the area of the Adam's apple. This butterfly-shaped gland plays a critical role in regulating the metabolic processes of the body by producing thyroid hormone. Heart rate, blood pressure, growth, and breathing are examples of the many processes that depend upon thyroid hormone from the thyroid gland. When the gland becomes enlarged due to diseases or tumors, the gland is referred to as a goiter.

A goiter can develop as a result of numerous different conditions. It can be associated with over-function of the thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism, or excessive thyroid hormones) or with under-function of the gland (hypothyroidism, or inadequate levels of thyroid hormones). Also, some goiters are associated with normal levels of thyroid hormones. Both inflammation and tumors can cause thyroid enlargement. Sometimes, the entire gland may be enlarged in a symmetrical pattern, while in other goiters, nodules, or enlargement may develop in one part of the gland only.

When a goiter becomes very large, it can sometimes cause symptoms because it presses on adjacent structures such as the esophagus and trachea. Symptoms that can occur related to a large goiter include problems with swallowing, shortness of breath, hoarseness, and stridor (a wheezing sound that results from turbulent air flow in and out of the trachea).

Some of the conditions that can cause a goiter include:

Hashimoto's thyroiditis, a common autoimmune condition in which the body's immune response is directed against the thyroid gland, leading to inflammation of the thyroid Thyroid cancers and benign tumors (nodules) that may cause a so-called multinodular goiter Iodine deficiency, which was formerly a major cause of goiter in the US Graves' disease, another autoimmune condition, which stimulates the gland to be overly active

Just as no one disease causes a goiter, there is also no one specific treatment for a goiter. The treatment depends upon the cause of the enlargement. Treatments for goiter can include medications, surgery, treatment with radioactive iodine, and simple observation.

Illustration of the Thyroid Gland

Article Credits / Source

HealthDay

HealthDay provides up to the minute breaking health news. Click here to view this full article from HealthDay.

View More Articles From HealthDay 🌎View Article Website

Sponsored Product

Lunar Sleep for $1.95

Lunar Sleep for $1.95

People who have trouble sleeping typically have low levels of melatonin, so melatonin supplements seem like a logical fix for insomnia. There is a high demand for sleep aids, especially in the U.S. The National Health Interview Survey done in 2002, and again in 2007, found 1.6 million US adults were using complementary and alternative sleep aids for insomnia. Lunar Sleep was a top choice. Use Promo Code: Sleep2014 and only pay $1.95 S&H.

Get Lunar Sleep for $1.95

More Thyroid Articles

Thyroid Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ

Thyroid Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ0

The correct answer is: C In the neck Explanation: The thyroid gland is located below the Adam's apple in the lower part of the neck and wraps around the windpipe (trachea). The thyroid gland has the ...

Hashimoto's Thyroiditis

Hashimoto's Thyroiditis0

Hypothyroidism Symptoms Hypothyroidism is most commonly a result of an autoimmune condition known as Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Some of the symptoms of hypothyroidism in adults are: Tiredness and weakness; feeling "run down" Weight gain or ...

Can You Blame Your Headaches on Your Thyroid?

Can You Blame Your Headaches on Your Thyroid?0

THURSDAY, Sept. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- People with migraines and other headache disorders have a greater risk of a thyroid disease known as hypothyroidism, a new study suggests. Hypothyroidism occurs when the body doesn't produce ...

Thyroid Scan

Thyroid Scan0

What is the thyroid gland? The thyroid is a gland that makes and stores essential hormones that help regulate the heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and the rate of chemical reactions (metabolism) in the body. It is ...

Thyroid Blood Tests

Thyroid Blood Tests0

Introduction The thyroid gland produces hormones that are essential for normal body metabolism. Blood testing is now commonly available to determine the adequacy of the levels of thyroid hormones. These blood tests can define ...

View More Thyroid Articles

0 Comments

Write a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Our Mailing List

Subscribe to our mailing list to get the latest health news as it breaks!

Your information will not be shared with anyone!