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HPV (Human Papillomavirus Infection)

👤by AP 0 comments 🕔Thursday, September 15th, 2016

In many cases genital warts, which are caused by an infection with HPV, often do not cause any symptoms or signs, but they are sometimes associated with:

Itching, burning, or tenderness around the area of infection Raised, flesh-colored lumps or bumps that may have a cauliflower-like appearance. Genital warts may appear anywhere on body's skin that is exposed during sexual contact. Size of the warts may vary, and multiple warts may be occur at the same time. Genital warts inside the vagina may cause bleeding following sexual intercourse or an abnormal vaginal discharge.

Facts and definition of HPV (Human papillomavirus)

Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) infect human skin and mucous membranes. Certain HPV types, known as high-risk HPV types, are known to cause cervical cancer and other cancers including cancers of the penis, anus, vagina, vulva, and oral cavity. Other HPV types cause genital warts or warts elsewhere on the body. HPV is highly contagious and is spread through close contact, including sexual contact. It is estimated that most sexually active people will become infected with HPV at some point. HPV infection typically does not cause signs or symptoms. In most cases, HPV infection goes away on its own, without long-term problems. Vaccines are available (for example, Gardasil, Gardasil 9, and Cervarix) to prevent infection with the most common cancer-causing HPV types and the types that are most likely to cause genital warts. There is no specific treatment that can cure HPV infection, although treatments are available for warts and cancers caused by HPV.

What is HPV?

The human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are a group of over 100 virus types that infect human skin and mucus membranes. Most people with HPV never know they are infected and never develop any problems, signs, or symptoms related to the infection, which usually goes away on its own. In fact, HPV infection is so common, it is estimated that most sexually active men and women get the infection at some point in their lives. However, certain types of HPVs may cause health problems in some people. For example, some HPV types cause genital warts and cervical cancers, while others cause typical skin warts. Not every infection with HPV results in health problems, or even produces signs and symptoms. Cancers caused by HPV typically take many years, even decades, to develop.

Is HPV infection an STD?

Because HPV infection is spread through sexual intercourse, it is classified as a sexually-transmitted disease (STD) or sexually-transmitted infection (STI). HPV is the most common STD and is thought to affect most people at some point in life.

Who gets infected with HPV?

HPV infection is extremely common. It is estimated that all sexually active men and women acquire an HPV infection at some point in life. For most people, this infection goes away without problems.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/15/2016

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