Daily Health Headlines

Cesarean Birth Linked to Risk of Obesity in Childhood

👤by Steven Reinberg 0 comments 🕔Wednesday, September 7th, 2016

TUESDAY, Sept. 6, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Infants delivered by cesarean section may face a higher risk of becoming obese, a new study suggests.

These babies had a 15 percent higher risk of becoming obese in childhood, compared with those born vaginally. The risk was even more pronounced within families, where children born by cesarean delivery were 64 percent more likely to become obese than their siblings who were born via vaginal delivery, the researchers said.

"What makes our findings compelling and different from previous studies addressing this question is that this was also true when we compared siblings who differed in type of delivery -- one was born by cesarean and the other by vaginal delivery -- and when restricted to women without any known risk factors for having a cesarean, some of whom may have undergone an elective cesarean," said lead researcher Dr. Jorge Chavarro. He is an associate professor in the departments of nutrition and epidemiology at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston.

The researchers also found that children born vaginally to women who had previously had a cesarean delivery were 31 percent less likely to be obese, compared with children born to women who had several cesarean deliveries.

But these findings only show an association between cesarean delivery and childhood obesity, not cause and effect.

Chavarro, however, believes the association is very strong. "These results, and in particular those regarding discordant siblings, strongly suggest that the association between cesarean delivery and childhood obesity is real, rather than an issue of inadequate control for shared causes as we and others had proposed," he said.

As important as cesareans are, they are not without risks, Chavarro noted. "Our results point to a risk to children that is preventable in the case of cesareans that are strictly elective or when an indication is not clear," he said.

The report was published online Sept. 6 in the journal JAMA Pediatrics.

For the study, Chavarro and his Harvard colleagues collected data on more than 22,000 children born to more than 15,000 women. Among these children, nearly 5,000 were delivered by cesarean section. These children were followed from childhood through early adulthood.

Mothers who had cesarean delivery weighed more before pregnancy and were more likely to have pregnancy-induced diabetes, preeclampsia and high blood pressure, the researchers discovered.

"These findings add to the growing list of problems that babies have who are born by cesarean delivery, compared to vaginal delivery, including childhood asthma, pulmonary problems -- a whole host of things," said Dr. Mitchell Maiman, chairman of the department of obstetrics and gynecology at Staten Island University Hospital in New York City.

Maiman said these problems arise from not exposing the infant to the helpful bacteria in the vagina that gives the baby "an immunologic advantage as compared with babies born via cesarean delivery."

The study authors concurred, saying that although evidence is still building, "this early life difference in mode of delivery leads to an altered gut microbiota pattern in offspring."

Nearly 1.3 million cesarean deliveries are done each year in the United States. The rate of cesarean delivery ranges from 30 percent to 33 percent. "That's way too high," Maiman said. "The rate should be around 15 percent."

"We need to make mothers aware that cesarean deliveries are not just bad for them, but bad for the babies, too," Maiman said.

Article Credits / Source

Steven Reinberg / HealthDay

Steven Reinberg wrote this story for HealthDay. HealthDay provides up to the minute breaking health news. Click here to view this full article from HealthDay.

SOURCES: Jorge Chavarro, M.D., Sc.D., associate professor, departments of nutrition and epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston; Mitchell Maiman, M.D., chairman, department of obstetrics and gynecology, Staten Island University Hospital, New York City; Sept. 6, 2016, JAMA Pediatrics, online

View More Articles From Steven Reinberg 🌎View Article Website

Sponsored Product

Lunar Sleep for $1.95

Lunar Sleep for $1.95

People who have trouble sleeping typically have low levels of melatonin, so melatonin supplements seem like a logical fix for insomnia. There is a high demand for sleep aids, especially in the U.S. The National Health Interview Survey done in 2002, and again in 2007, found 1.6 million US adults were using complementary and alternative sleep aids for insomnia. Lunar Sleep was a top choice. Use Promo Code: Sleep2014 and only pay $1.95 S&H.

Get Lunar Sleep for $1.95

More Pregnancy Articles

Zika Babies May Look Normal at Birth, Display Brain Defects Later: CDC

Zika Babies May Look Normal at Birth, Display Brain Defects Later: CDC0

TUESDAY, Nov. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Babies exposed to the Zika virus in the womb can look normal at birth but later show signs of the devastating birth defect microcephaly and other brain abnormalities, researchers reported ...

Imaging Studies Shed Light on Zika's Effects

Imaging Studies Shed Light on Zika's Effects0

TUESDAY, Nov. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- More details on how the Zika virus affects infants and adults will be presented to international researchers meeting in Chicago next week. Three studies scheduled for presentation at the annual meeting ...

Pregnancy Diet (Menu Plans)

Pregnancy Diet (Menu Plans)0

Superfoods or power foods are foods that have extra benefits beyond their nutritional content. Examples of power foods are: Pumpkin seeds Blackstrap molasses Almond butter Figs Sardines Oatmeal Pregnancy diet plan definition ...

Do Women Who Have Kids Later Live Longer?

Do Women Who Have Kids Later Live Longer?0

THURSDAY, Nov. 17, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In what's believed to be the first study of its kind, research suggests that women who give birth for the first time at age 25 or older are more likely to live to 90. The researchers also found that ...

FDA Explains Pros, Cons of Permanent Birth Control

FDA Explains Pros, Cons of Permanent Birth Control0

FRIDAY, Nov. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women need to carefully consider the benefits and risks of permanent birth control devices, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says. The agency recently introduced labeling changes for one such ...

View More Pregnancy Articles


Write a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Our Mailing List

Subscribe to our mailing list to get the latest health news as it breaks!

Your information will not be shared with anyone!