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10 Symptoms of Testicular Cancer

👤by AP 0 comments 🕔Friday, April 3rd, 2015

Medical Author:

Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.

Testicular cancer is a potentially deadly disease. Although it accounts for only 1.2% of all cancers in males, cancer of the testis accounts for about 11-13% of all cancer deaths of men between the ages of 15 and 35.

Testicular cancer has two peaks according to age. The first peak occurs before the age of 45 and accounts for about 90% of cases of testicular cancer. A second much smaller peak affects men over 50.

Testicular cancers are often (90-95%) curable, even if they are metastatic.

The first sign of testicular cancer is most commonly a little ("pea-sized") lump on the testis (testicular lump). There may be no real pain, at most just a dull ache in the lower abdomen or groin, perhaps a sensation of dragging and heaviness. To summarize the signs and symptoms of cancer of the testicle, they include:

A lump in or on a testicle (testicular lump) is the most common sign; Any enlargement of a testicle; Shrinking of a testicle; A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum (scrotal heaviness); A dull ache in the lower abdomen or in the groin; A collection of fluid in the scrotum; Pain or discomfort in a testicle or in the scrotum; Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts; Back pain due to retroperitoneal disease spread; Enlarged lymph nodes or masses due to disease spread.

The best hope for early detection of testicular cancer is a simple three-minute self-examination once a month. The ideal time for this exam is after a warm bath or shower, when the scrotal skin is most relaxed.

Each testicle is gently rolled between the thumb and fingers of both hands. If any hard lumps or nodules are felt, the man should see a doctor promptly. A lump may not be malignant, but only a doctor can make the diagnosis.

For more information, visit the Testicular Cancer Center.

Article Credits / Source

AP / HealthDay

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