Daily Health Headlines

sodium chloride, potassium chloride, sodium lactate and calcium (Lactated Ringer's Solution)

👤by MedicineNet.com 0 comments 🕔Thursday, June 26th, 2014

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Lactated Ringer's is a sterile solution for fluid and electrolyte replenishment. It restores fluid and electrolyte balances, produces diuresis, and acts as alkalizing agent (reduces acidity). The FDA approved Ringer's solution in plastic containers in 1971.

PRESCRIPTION: Yes

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

PREPARATIONS: Lactated Ringer's solution is available in 250 ml, 500 ml, and 1000 ml in specific plastic containers.

Lactated Ringer's is composed of sodium chloride 6 g/L, sodium lactate 3.1 g/L, potassium chloride 0.3 g/L, and calcium chloride 0.2 g/L. Lactated Ringer's contains ions of sodium 130 mEq/L, potassium 4 mEq/L, calcium 2.7 mEq/L, chloride 109 mEq/L, and lactate 28 mEq/L. Lactated Ringer's has an osmolarity of 273 mOsmol/L, pH of 6.5, and caloric content of 9 kcal/L.

STORAGE: Store Lactated Ringer's solution at room temperature of 25 C, avoiding excessive heat. Brief exposure to up to 40 C does not affect the product.

PRESCRIBED FOR: Lactated Ringer's is used for balancing fluid and electrolytes and as an alkalizing agent.

DOSING: Adult dosing of Lactated Ringer's solution is as directed by the physician. Dosing is individualized based on the patient's age, weight, ongoing treatment, and clinical condition.

Safe and effective use of Lactated Ringer's solution in children is based on clinical practice.

DRUG INTERACTIONS: Lactated Ringer's solution should not be mixed with ceftriaxone (Rocephin) due to the significant risk of ceftriaxone and calcium precipitation.

PREGNANCY: There are no adequate studies done on Lactated Ringer's solution to determine safe and effective use in pregnant women.

NURSING MOTHERS: Use by women who are breastfeeding mothers has not been adequately evaluated.

SIDE EFFECTS: Side effects of Lactated Ringer's solution are chest pain, abnormal heart rate, decreased blood pressure, troubled breathing, cough, sneezing, rash, itching, and headache. Infection at the site of injection, venous thrombosis or phlebitis at the site of injection, extravasation, and increased fluid volume (hypervolemia) may also occur.

REFERENCE: FDA Prescribing Information.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/26/2014

ringers-lactated ringers solution-intravenous Index ringers-lactated ringers solution-intravenous on RxList

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

Need help identifying pills and medications?Use the pill identifier tool on RxList.

Back to Medications Index

Pharmacy Author:

Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.

Article Credits / Source

MedicineNet.com

MedicineNet.com provides up to the minute breaking health news. Click here to view this full article from MedicineNet.com.

View More Articles From MedicineNet.com 🌎View Article Website

Sponsored Product

Lunar Sleep for $1.95

Lunar Sleep for $1.95

People who have trouble sleeping typically have low levels of melatonin, so melatonin supplements seem like a logical fix for insomnia. There is a high demand for sleep aids, especially in the U.S. The National Health Interview Survey done in 2002, and again in 2007, found 1.6 million US adults were using complementary and alternative sleep aids for insomnia. Lunar Sleep was a top choice. Use Promo Code: Sleep2014 and only pay $1.95 S&H.

Get Lunar Sleep for $1.95

More Medications Articles

Blood Doping

Blood Doping0

Lance cheated. Deep in our hearts we knew it, but until the words came out of his mouth, there was a glimmer of hope that he still could be our hero. Now he has fallen, admitting that he blood doped, used steroids and erythropoietin (EPO), and ...

IV Drug Infusion FAQs

IV Drug Infusion FAQs0

home / medications center / medications a-z list / iv drug infusion faqs index / iv drug infusion faqs article Medical Author: Maureen Welker, MSN, NPc, CCRN Maureen Welker, MSN, NPc, CCRNMaureen ...

Biological Therapy

Biological Therapy0

Biological drugs: These are medications that enhance the immune system's ability to fight cancers. In NHL, monoclonal antibodies are used for treatment. The therapy is administered via an IV, and the monoclonal antibodies bind to the cancer cells and ...

sodium chloride, potassium chloride, sodium lactate and calcium (Lactated Ringer's Solution)

sodium chloride, potassium chloride, sodium lactate and calcium (Lactated Ringer's Solution)0

home / medications center / medications a-z list / ringers-lactated ringers solution-intravenous index / sodium chloride, potassium chloride, sodium lactate and calcium (lactated ringer's solution) drug ...

lidocaine and prilocaine (DermacinRx, Prizopak, EMLA, Leva Set, Lidopril, Livixil Pak, LP Lite Pak)

lidocaine and prilocaine (DermacinRx, Prizopak, EMLA, Leva Set, Lidopril, Livixil Pak, LP Lite Pak)0

PRESCRIPTION: Yes GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes USES: Lidocaine and prilocaine cream is commonly used as a local anesthetic on normal intact skin and genital mucous areas, before minor procedures. SIDE EFFECTS: Common side effects of ...

View More Medications Articles

0 Comments

Write a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Our Mailing List

Subscribe to our mailing list to get the latest health news as it breaks!

Your information will not be shared with anyone!