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dextrose monohydrate solution

👤by MedicineNet.com 0 comments 🕔Monday, June 16th, 2014

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Dextrose monohydrate is sterile intravenous solution for fluid replenishment. Intravenous administration of dextrose solution provides a source of water and glucose ( sugar), giving patients fluid and energy.



PREPARATIONS: Dextrose 5% is available in water (D5W), normal saline (D5NS), and ½ normal saline (D5 ½ NS). Dextrose is also available in 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50% and 70% concentrated in water.

5% solution is available in 25 ml, 50 ml, 100 ml, 150 ml, 250 ml, 500 ml, and 1000 ml plastic containers. 10% solution is available in 250 ml, 500 ml, and 1000 ml plastic containers. 20%, 30%, 40%, and 70% solutions are available 500 ml plastic containers and 50% is available in 1000 ml plastic containers.

STORAGE: Store dextrose solution at room temperature 25 C (77 F).

PRESCRIBED FOR: Dextrose 5% and 10% solutions are used to provide fluids and energy for patients. Dextrose 20%, 30%, 40%, 50% and 70% solutions are used for protein and nutrients in intravenous feeding formulations.

DOSING: Dosing of dextrose solution varies based on individual patient requirements such as age, current medical conditions, and clinical state.

DRUG INTERACTIONS: Dextrose Solutions should not be used in the same IV line as blood products.

PREGNANCY: There are no adequate studies done on dextrose to determine safe and effective use in pregnant women.

NURSING MOTHERS: It is not known whether dextrose enters breast milk; therefore, it is best to be cautious before using it in nursing mothers.

SIDE EFFECTS: Side effects of dextrose are, increased blood sugar (hyperglycemia), hyperosmolarity, injection site infection and increased fluid volume.

FDA Prescribing Information. Current Medication Information. DEXTROSE (dextrose monohydrate) injection, solution [Hospira, Inc.].

PDR.net Prescribing Information.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/16/2014

dextrose solution-intravenous Index

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Pharmacy Author:

Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.

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