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Meniere's Disease

👤by MedicineNet.com 0 comments 🕔Wednesday, December 11th, 2013

Meniere's disease is a disorder of the flow of fluids of the inner ear.

Although the cause of Meniere's disease is unknown, it probably results from an abnormality in the way fluid of the inner ear is regulated. In most cases only one ear is involved, but both ears may be affected in about 15% of patients. Meniere's disease typically starts between the ages of 20 and 50 years of age (although it has been reported in nearly all age groups). Men and women are equally affected. The symptoms may be only a minor nuisance, or can become disabling, especially if the attacks of vertigo are severe, frequent, and occur without warning. Meniere's disease is also called idiopathic endolymphatic hydrops.

The symptoms of Meniere's disease typically include at least several of the following:

Meniere's Disease Treatment What Are Some of the Treatment Options for Meniere's Disease?

Meniere's disease does not have a cure yet, but your doctor might recommend some of the treatments below to help you cope with the condition.

Medications. The most disabling symptom of an attack of Meniere's disease is dizziness. Prescription drugs such as meclizine, diazepam, glycopyrrolate, and lorazepam can help relieve dizziness and shorten the attack. Salt restriction and diuretics. Limiting dietary salt and taking diuretics (water pills) help some people control dizziness by reducing the amount of fluid the body retains, which may help lower fluid volume and pressure in the inner ear. Other dietary and behavioral changes. Some people claim that caffeine, chocolate, and alcohol make their symptoms worse and either avoid or limit them in their diet. Not smoking also may help lessen the symptoms. Cognitive therapy. Cognitive therapy is a type of talk therapy that helps people focus on how they interpret and react to life experiences. Some people find that cognitive therapy helps them cope better with the unexpected nature of attacks and reduces their anxiety about future attacks. Injections. Injecting the antibiotic gentamicin into the middle ear helps control vertigo but significantly raises the risk of hearing loss because gentamicin can damage the microscopic hair cells in the inner ear that help us hear. Some doctors inject a corticosteroid instead, which often helps reduce dizziness and has no risk of hearing loss.

SOURCE: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health. Meniere's Disease.

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SOURCE: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health. Meniere's Disease.

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