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Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) Injury

👤by MedicineNet.com 0 comments 🕔Wednesday, November 4th, 2015

The knee joint allows the lower leg to flex (bend) or straighten (extend). To make certain that those are the only two motions that occur, there are four ligaments in the knee that help control and protect it.

Ligaments are tough bands of tissue that span a joint and attach to the bones on each side of it. The MCL is located on the inner side of the knee and is attached to the femur and tibia bones. It holds the knee stable against stress when a force is place on the outer part of the leg that could potentially buckle the knee toward the center of the body.

The muscles that surround the knee, especially the quadriceps muscles located in the front of the thigh, and the hamstrings located in the back of the thigh, are also important stabilizers of the knee joint.

Exercises for MCL Injuries

During physical therapy for rehabilitation of a knee injury, the patient will be given specific exercises by the physical therapist in order to strengthen and stabilize the knee joint. These exercises include strengthening the front of the thigh (quadriceps), back of the thigh (hamstrings), calf, and hip.

Some exercises that your physical therapist may recommend include the following:

Quad sets Straight leg raises Straight-leg raise to the front Straight-leg raise to the back Hamstring curls Heel raises Heel dig bridging Shallow standing knee bends

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