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Diabetes Diet (Type 2)

👤by MedicineNet.com 0 comments 🕔Wednesday, August 31st, 2016

Diabetes Prevention (Type 2) Is There a Diet to Prevent Getting Type 2 Diabetes?

Diet becomes a critical issue when dealing with disease processes. When exploring dietary factors as a contributor to disease processes, one must take a number of things into account, for example, is it the specific food itself or the weight gain associated with its consumption that causes the risk? Is it the food, or the age/lifestyle of those consuming it that causes the risk? While cinnamon, coffee, and fenugreek seeds are among the many food products that some feel are associated with development/prevention of diabetes, none of these claims have truly been fully scientifically evaluated.

What is type 2 diabetes?

Glucose is the preferred fuel for for muscle, fat and liver cells, but it requires insulin to transport it into cells for use. Type 2 diabetes involves two problems getting enough glucose into the cells. When the sugar can't get where it is supposed to be, it leads to elevated blood sugar levels. In type 2 diabetes the major breakdown in this process happens over time; cells develop resistance to insulin, requiring more and more insulin to move glucose into the cells. Over time, this leads to a loss of the pancreas' ability to secrete sufficient insulin. The high blood sugar that results can lead to a number of complications such as kidney, nerve, and eye damage, as well as cardiovascular disease. It also means cells are not receiving the glucose they need for healthy functioning.

A calculation called a HOMA Score can tell doctors the relative proportion of these factors for an individual with type 2 diabetes1. Good glycemic control (that is, not exceeding the body's ability to dispose of glucose with high carb intake) can prevent long-term complications of type 2 diabetes.

A diet for people with type 2 diabetes also is referred to as a diabetic diet for type 2 diabetes and medical nutrition therapy (MNT) for people with diabetes.17

What are nutrition basics for a type 2 diabetic diet?

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are the primary food that raises blood sugar. Carbohydrates can be classified as either

simple sugars, or complex carbohydrates.

Complex carbohydrates are in their whole food form and include additional nutrients such as:

fiber, vitamins, and smaller amounts of proteins and fats.

These additional nutrients slow down the absorption of the glucose and keep blood sugar levels more stable. Examples of complex carbohydrates are:

brown rice, whole wheat, quinoa, steel-cut oatmeal, vegetables, fruits, beans, and lentils.

Simple carbohydrates contain few other nutrients to slow down sugar absorption and thus these foods can raise blood sugar dangerously fast and are easily recognized as "white foods," for example:

sugar, pasta, white bread, flour, cookies, pastries, and white potatoes.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 8/31/2016

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