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Oxycodone vs. Hydrocodone

👤by MedicineNet.com 0 comments 🕔Tuesday, November 15th, 2016
Medical Reviewer: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

ARTICLE RELATED DISEASES IMAGES & QUIZZES INDEX Surprising Reasons You're in Pain Slideshow Take the Pain Quiz Chronic Pain Slideshow Oxycodone vs. hydrocodone review What are oxycodone and hydrocodone? What brand names are available for oxycodone and hydrocodone? What are the uses for oxycodone and hydrocodone? What are the side effects of oxycodone and hydrocodone? How should oxycodone and hydrocodone be taken (dosage)? Which drugs interact with oxycodone and hydrocodone? Are oxycodone and hydrocodone safe to take during pregnancy or while breastfeeding? Oxycodone vs. hydrocodone reviewOxycodone and hydrocodone are strong prescription opioid narcotic pain-relievers similar to morphine, fentanyl, and methadone. Oxycodone and hydrocodone are prescribed to manage acute or chronic moderate to severe pain in which long-term opioid treatment is necessary, and alternative pain treatment options are inadequate. Oxycodone and hydrocodone are available in combination with other drugs, for example: Oxycodone may be combined with acetaminophen (brand names Percocet, Roxicet, Tylox, and Oxycet) to treat moderately severe pain. Hydrocodone also is combined with acetaminophen (Vicodin, Norco) to relieve moderate to severe pain. Hydrocodone may be combined with an expectorant and decongestant (for example, guaifenesin and pseudoephedrine) to treat nasal congestion, cough, and to loosen mucus associated with the common cold. Common side effects of oxycodone and hydrocodone are similar and may include: Lightheadedness Dizziness Sedation Nausea Vomiting Narcotic pain relievers increase the effects of drugs that slow brain function. Combined use of these drugs with narcotic pain relievers may lead to dangerous impairment of breathing. Examples of drugs that slow brain function are: Alcohol Barbiturates Benzodiazepines Skeletal muscle relaxants, for example, Soma (carisoprodol) and Flexeril (cyclobenzaprine) Drug interactions are similar between oxycodone and hydrocodone. What are oxycodone and hydrocodone?

Oxycodone: Oxycodone is a strong narcotic pain-reliever and cough suppressant similar to morphine, codeine, and hydrocodone. The precise mechanism of action is not known but may involve stimulation of opioid receptors in the brain. Oxycodone does not eliminate the sensation of pain but decreases discomfort by increasing the tolerance to pain. In addition to tolerance to pain, oxycodone also causes sedation and depression of respiration.

Hydrocodone: Hydrocodone is an opioid narcotic pain-reliever similar to oxycodone, morphine, methadone, fentanyl, and other opioids. Hydrocodone, like other opioids, stimulates receptors on nerves in the brain to increase the threshold to pain (the amount of stimulation it takes to feel pain) and reduce the perception of pain (the perceived importance of the pain). Unlike other hydrocodone products such as Vicodin which contain acetaminophen, Zohydro ER contains only hydrocodone. The FDA approved Zohydro in October 2013.

What brand names are available for oxycodone and hydrocodone?

Examples of brands of oxycodone available in the US include:

OxyContin Roxicodone Oxecta

There are many other brand name for oxycodone to include combinations with other drugs, for example:

Endocet Percodan Percocet Oxycet

The brand names for hydrocodone available in the US include:

Hydrocodone is also is combined with other drugs, for example:

Vicodin Lorcet Plus Lortab Hycotuss Hyrocet

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 11/15/2016

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