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Narcotic Pain Medications (Opioids, Analgesics)

👤by AP 0 comments 🕔Monday, October 3rd, 2016
Pharmacy Author: Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Jay W. Marks, MD Jay W. Marks, MD

Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD

Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.

ARTICLE RELATED DISEASES IMAGES & QUIZZES INDEX What Kind of Doctor Do I Need? Slideshow Dental (Oral) Health Quiz Causes of a Heart Attack Slideshow What are narcotic pain medications (opioids, analgesics)? What are examples narcotic pain medications (opioids, analgesics) of available in the US? What are the side effects of narcotic pain medications (opioids, analgesics)? What drugs interact with narcotic medications (opioids, analgesics)? What formulations of narcotic pain medications (opioids, analgesics) are available? What about taking narcotic pain medications (opioids, analgesics) during pregnancy or while breastfeeding? What are narcotic pain medications (opioids, analgesics)?

Narcotic analgesic or opioid medications are used for treating moderate to severe pain.

Narcotic analgesics attach to receptors on nerves in the brain that increase the threshold to pain (i.e., the amount of stimulation it takes to feel pain), and reduce the perception of pain (the perceived importance of the pain). Most men and women take narcotic analgesics for short-periods of time until pain lessens or goes away. Some adults have chronic pain, which requires proper pain management since long term use can lead to drug addiction and tolerance (the need for increasing doses). Narcotic analgesics have a high potential for misuse, abuse, and diversion (to addicted persons).

The CDC has recently developed and published the CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain to provide recommendations for the prescribing of opioid pain medication for patients 18 and older in primary care settings in 2016

What are examples (list) of narcotic pain medications (opioids, analgesics) of available in the US?

Examples of narcotic analgesics are:

Codeine Hydrocodone (Zohydro ER) Oxycodone (OxyContin, Roxicodone) Methadone Hydromorphone (Dilaudid, Exalgo) Morphine (Avinza, Kadian, MSIR, MS Contin) Fentanyl (Actiq, Duragesic) What are the side effects of narcotic pain medications (opioids, analgesics)?

Common side effects of narcotic analgesics include:

Constipation Nausea Dizziness Sedation Itching Addiction Vomiting Abdominal pain Headache Dry mouth

Severe side effects of narcotic analgesics include:

Trouble breathing (respiratory depression) Chest pain Abnormal heart beats Cardiac arrest Death

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/3/2016

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