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Septic Arthritis

👤by MedicineNet.com 0 comments 🕔Wednesday, January 22nd, 2014

Medical Editor:

Catherine Burt Driver, MD

Catherine Burt Driver, MD

Catherine Burt Driver, MD, is board certified in internal medicine and rheumatology by the American Board of Internal Medicine. Dr. Driver is a member of the American College of Rheumatology. She currently is in active practice in the field of rheumatology in Mission Viejo, Calif., where she is a partner in Mission Internal Medical Group.

Septic arthritis facts

Septic arthritis is infection of one or more joints by microorganisms. Septic arthritis can be caused by bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Risks for the development of septic arthritis include taking immune-suppression medicines, intravenous drug abuse, past joint disease, injury or surgery, and underlying medical illnesses, including diabetes, alcoholism, sickle cell disease, rheumatic diseases, and immune deficiency disorders. Symptoms of septic arthritis include fever, chills, as well as joint pain, swelling, redness, stiffness, and warmth. Septic arthritis is diagnosed by identifying infected joint fluid. Septic arthritis is treated with antibiotics and drainage of the infected joint fluid from the joint.

What is septic arthritis?

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Septic, or infectious, arthritis is infection of one or more joints by microorganisms. Normally, the joint is lubricated with a small amount of fluid that is referred to as synovial fluid or joint fluid. The normal joint fluid is sterile and, if removed and cultured in the laboratory, no microbes will be detected. With septic arthritis, microbes are identifiable in an affected joint fluid.

Most commonly, septic arthritis affects a single joint, but occasionally more joints are involved. The joints affected vary somewhat depending on the microbe causing the infection and the predisposing risk factors of the person affected. Septic arthritis is also called infectious arthritis.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 1/22/2014

Patient Comments Viewers share their comments

Septic Arthritis - Treatment Question: What was the treatment for your septic arthritis?

Septic Arthritis - Symptoms Question: What were the symptoms of your septic arthritis?

Septic Arthritis - Experience Question: Please describe your experience with septic arthritis.

Septic Arthritis - Diagnosis Question: What tests and exams did you have that led to a diagnosis of septic arthritis?

Medical Author:

William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

Medical Editor:

Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

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